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Overseas Vietnamese - Worldwide

Monday, April 29, 201312:00 AM(View: 21017)
Overseas Vietnamese
Người Việt Hải Ngoại
Total population
~4,000,000 (estimates)[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
blank United States 1,799,632 (2010) [1]
blank Cambodia 600,000 [2]
blank Laos 150,000
blank France 250,000 [3]
blank Australia 159,848 (2006) [4]
blank Canada 180,125 (2006) [5]
blank Taiwan 120,000
blank Russia up to 150,000 [8]
blank Germany 137.000 (2010)[9]
blank South Korea 116,219 (2011)[10]
blank Czech Republic 60,000 (2008) [11]
blank United Kingdom 55,000 [12]
blank Japan 41,136 (2008) [13]
blank United Arab Emirates 20,000 [14]
blank China 20,000 [8]
blank Netherlands 18,913 [15]
blank Norway 18,333 (2006) [16]
blank Sweden 11,771 (2003) [17]
blank Poland 50,000 [8]
blank Thailand 10,000 [18]
blank Denmark 8,575 (2002) [17]
blank Switzerland 8,173 (2008) [19]
blank Qatar 8,000
blank Belgium 7,151 (2001) [17]
blank New Zealand 4,875 (2006) [20]
blank Ukraine 3,850 (2001) [21]
blank Hungary 1,020 (2001) [22]
blank Finland 4,000 [23]
blank Slovakia 3,000 [24]
blank Brazil 1,000
blank Italy 3,000
Elsewhere 400,000

Historical populations
Year Pop.  ±% 
1950 28,264,000 — 
1960 35,173,000 +24.4%
1970 44,928,000 +27.7%
1980 54,023,000 +20.2%
1990 67,102,000 +24.2%
2000 78,758,000 +17.4%
2010 87,100,000 +10.6%

Overseas Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Người Việt Hải Ngoại, which literally means "Overseas Vietnamese", or Việt Kiều, a Sino-Vietnamese word literally translating to "Vietnamese sojourner") refers to Vietnamese people living outside Vietnam in a diaspora. Of the about 3 million Overseas Vietnamese, a majority left Vietnam as refugees after 1975 as a result of the Fall of Saigon and the resulting takeover by the Communist regime.

The term "Việt Kiều" is used by people in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to refer to ethnic Vietnamese living outside of the country, and is not a term of self-identification.[25] The Overseas Vietnamese community itself rarely use this for self-identification, instead, most prefer the technically correct term of Người Việt Hải Ngoại (literally translating to Overseas Vietnamese), or occasionally Người Việt Tự Do (Free Vietnamese).

 Vietnamese worldwide

Overseas Vietnamese can be generally divided into four distinct categories that rarely interact with each other. The first category consists of people who have been living in territories outside of Vietnam prior to 1975; they usually reside in neighboring countries, such as Cambodia, Laos, and China. These people are not usually considered "Việt Kiều" by people residing in Vietnam. During French colonialism, some Vietnamese also migrated to France and some French-speaking areas, such as Québec. The second category, consisting of the vast majority of overseas Vietnamese, are former South Vietnamese those who fled Vietnam as refugees, after the end of the Vietnam War, along with their descendants. They usually reside in industrialized countries such as those in North America, the European Union, Hong Kong, China, Guangdong, Fujian and Australia. The third category consists of Vietnamese working and studying in the former Soviet bloc who opted to stay there after the Soviet collapse. This group is found mainly in the European Union and the Russian Federation. The last category consists of recent economic migrants who work in regional Asian countries such as Taiwan and Japan. They also include Vietnamese brides who married men from Taiwan and South Korea through marriage agencies. These brides usually follow their husbands to live in those countries. In Taiwan, Vietnamese economic migrants count about half of overseas Vietnamese there, and the brides cover the rest. There is much social tensions, controversy and criticism about the latter group in Vietnam, saying them being "blinded by money" of their foreign husbandsm, and many are beaten.[26] Recently a new group of Vietnamese have been emerging. These naturally-born Vietnamese who attended high school and college overseas (international student), are called by natives as "du học sinh"; they stay in those countries and work and live as permanent residents.

See also

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